Conditions of the Brain, Skull Base, and Strokes

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our neurosurgeons can diagnose, treat, and manage conditions related to the brain, skull base, and strokes. Our specialists collaborate to diagnose and treat an array of brain and skull base conditions. This includes not only memory and seizure disorders but also extends to addressing tumors within the brain or pituitary gland.

For cases where surgical intervention is necessary, Haynes Neurosurgical Group stands at the forefront of innovation. We excel in minimally invasive surgical techniques, emphasizing reduced complication rates and facilitating swifter recoveries for our patients.

Brain Conditions

The brain is the command center of your body, directing everything you do and feel. Sometimes, this complex system faces challenges that affect its functioning and require special attention. 

Whether you're dealing with a brain tumor, an aneurysm, or any other brain-related condition, we are here to help. Our state-of-the-art facilities and advanced surgical techniques mean we can provide the highest quality of care to ensure optimal patient results.

Brain Tumors

Brain tumors are anomalous growths in the brain that can be either benign or malignant. Tumors can affect any part of the brain. Symptoms may include persistent headaches, seizures, cognitive changes, and motor coordination difficulties. 

Causes of brain tumors vary and can include genetic factors, exposure to radiation, or certain medical conditions. 

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our specialized care focuses on accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment for different types of brain tumors. Our team can perform advanced surgical techniques, such as tumor resection, to remove brain tumors. We develop personalized treatment plans to meet the unique needs of each patient.

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) are typically caused by a severe blow or jolt to the head, leading to damage to brain tissue. Symptoms of TBIs can range from mild, such as headaches and confusion, to severe, including loss of consciousness and cognitive impairment. 

Causes of TBIs include accidents, falls, sports injuries, or assaults. At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our team specializes in the surgical management of TBIs, utilizing state-of-the-art techniques to optimize patient outcomes.

Cerebrovascular Disorders

Cerebrovascular disorders involve abnormalities in the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain. These conditions include aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and other vascular abnormalities. 

Symptoms may differ depending on the specific disorder, including severe headaches, dizziness, vision problems, or difficulty speaking. Causes of cerebrovascular disorders include genetic factors, high blood pressure, or trauma. 

Our skilled neurosurgeons provide comprehensive care for cerebrovascular disorders, offering advanced treatments to address the underlying vascular abnormalities.

Neurological Movement Disorders

Neurological movement disorders are conditions that affect the brain's control over movement.

Parkinson's disease and essential tremor are examples. We employ advanced techniques for diagnosis and personalized treatment to enhance your quality of life.

Cerebral Aneurysms

Cerebral aneurysms are abnormal bulges in the blood vessels. They can lead to severe complications if they rupture, causing potentially life-threatening bleeding in the brain. Aneurysms should not be left untreated. Symptoms may include severe headaches, vision changes, and neurological deficits. 

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our advanced diagnostic tools allow us to pinpoint aneurysms early. We employ state-of-the-art techniques for precise treatment, minimizing the risk of rupture and optimizing patient outcomes.

Brain and Spinal Cord AVMs

Brain and spinal cord arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are complex vascular anomalies characterized by abnormal connections between arteries and veins, potentially leading to symptoms such as headaches, seizures, or neurological deficits. 

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our neurosurgical team excels in diagnosing and treating AVMs, offering personalized solutions for optimal results.

Brain and Spinal Cord Dural AV Fistulas

Brain and spinal cord dural arteriovenous fistulas involve abnormal connections in the protective layers of the brain and spinal cord, leading to symptoms like pulsatile tinnitus or neurological deficits.

Our expertise ensures accurate diagnosis and tailored interventions to manage these complex conditions effectively.


Hemorrhages within the brain present critical situations where blood leaks into the surrounding tissues, leading to symptoms such as severe headaches, nausea, and potentially life-threatening neurological deficits.

Our neurosurgical team specializes in understanding the causes of hemorrhages and implementing precise interventions to optimize patient outcomes.

CSF Leak

A CSF leak is when cerebrospinal fluid escapes from the protective layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It can lead to symptoms such as nasal drainage or headaches.

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our team is proficient in managing CSF leaks and providing personalized solutions for optimal outcomes.

Encephalocele and Meningocele

Encephalocele is a congenital condition where brain tissue protrudes through openings in the skull. Meningocele involves the protrusion of the protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord through a defect in the skull or spine.

Both conditions can often present symptoms such as a visible sac and, in some cases, neurological deficits.

Our neurosurgical team is committed to providing expert diagnosis and tailored treatment for individuals facing encephaloceles. 

Arachnoid Cyst

Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled sacs within the brain or spinal cord, which may be asymptomatic or cause symptoms such as headaches and neurological deficits.

Our skilled team specializes in accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment of arachnoid cysts.

Cerebral and Brain Cavernomas (Cavernous Malformations)

Cerebral and brain cavernomas are vascular abnormalities that can result in seizures or neurological deficits. The CCM gene may play a role in the development of these abnormal clusters of blood vessels.

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our team specializes in managing these vascular abnormalities. 

Skull Base Conditions

The skull base is the foundation of the skull that supports the brain. It is the bottom part of the skull that supports and protects the brain. 

Conditions affecting this area can cause various issues. These can range from tumors to various disorders that impact the structures surrounding the base of the skull. Tumors or growths in the skull base may impact crucial functions. 

Our experienced team is proficient at diagnosing and treating a broad spectrum of brain and skull base conditions, ensuring comprehensive care for our patients.

Acoustic Neuromas

Acoustic neuromas, or vestibular schwannomas, are non-cancerous tumors that develop on the vestibular nerve, which connects the inner ear to the brain. These tumors typically grow slowly and affect balance and hearing functions.

Symptoms may include hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness, or difficulty with balance. While the underlying cause of an acoustic neuroma is unknown, they are usually associated with a genetic condition called neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). 

Depending on the size and symptoms of the tumor, treatment options vary and may include observation, surgery, or radiation therapy.


Meningiomas are slow-growing tumors that occur in the meninges, which are the layers of tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord. While most meningiomas are benign, some can be more aggressive. 

Symptoms may differ depending on the tumor's size and location but may include headaches, seizures, or changes in behavior. The exact cause of meningiomas is unknown, but hormonal imbalances and genetic factors can be influential factors. 

Treatment options include observation, surgery, and, in some cases, radiation therapy.

Pituitary Tumors

Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths located in the pituitary gland, a small gland at the base of the brain. These tumors can be non-cancerous (adenomas) or, in rare cases, cancerous. 

Depending on how large or small they are and hormone-secreting capabilities, pituitary tumors can cause various symptoms, including hormone imbalances, such as changes in menstrual cycles or growth abnormalities, vision problems, and headaches. The cause of pituitary tumors is often unknown, but certain genetic conditions and hormonal imbalances may contribute to their development. 

Treatment options include medication, surgery, and radiation therapy.


A stroke occurs when something interrupts the blood flow to the brain, affecting its function. Strokes can lead to difficulties in speaking, moving, or even understanding things. 

Prompt medical intervention is crucial to restore blood flow to the brain and minimize brain damage. At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our team is equipped to address the complexities of all types of strokes. 

Procedures such as a thrombectomy can be life-saving techniques in such cases. A thrombectomy is a surgical procedure to remove blood clots from blood vessels and may be used in the treatment of strokes to restore blood flow to the brain and minimize neurological damage.

Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic strokes occur when a blood vessel delivering blood to the brain is obstructed, usually by a blood clot. This blockage results in a lack of blood flow and oxygen to parts of the brain, leading to damage. 

Symptoms can include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the body, difficulty speaking, confusion, or severe headaches. Causes of ischemic strokes include blood clots, atherosclerosis, or heart conditions. 

Our team is well-versed in the latest advances in stroke treatment, providing timely interventions to minimize damage and promote recovery.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, causing bleeding into the surrounding tissues. 

Symptoms may include sudden severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, or loss of consciousness. Causes of hemorrhagic strokes can include aneurysms, high blood pressure, or blood vessel abnormalities. 

Our skilled neurosurgeons offer comprehensive surgical management for hemorrhagic strokes, utilizing advanced techniques to address the bleeding and restore normal blood flow.

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)

Transient Ischemic Attacks, or mini-strokes, are brief episodes where blood flow to the brain is temporarily disrupted. While TIAs do not typically cause permanent damage, they serve as warning signs for a potential future stroke. 

Symptoms can be similar to those of a stroke but typically resolve within minutes to hours. TIAs are considered warning signs of an impending stroke and require immediate medical attention. 

Our neurosurgeons provide expert care for patients who have experienced TIAs, offering personalized treatment plans to reduce the risk of future strokes.

Expert Care for Issues of the Brain, Skull Base, and Strokes

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our team is committed to providing expert care for a spectrum of brain and skull base conditions. Our expertise in minimally invasive surgical approaches ensures that when surgery is required, our patients benefit from lower complication rates and faster recovery times. 

Our seasoned neurosurgeons use highly advanced technologies and employ a patient-centric ethos at Alabama’s premiere neurosurgical practice.

To schedule a consultation with one of our experts, call us at (205) 787-8676 or request an appointment online. 

Phone: (205) 787-8676
Fax: (205) 785-7944

801 Princeton Avenue, S.W.
P.O.B. I, Suite 310
Birmingham, AL 35211

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