Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neurosurgical method that uses magnetic fields to stimulate specific regions of the brain. This innovative treatment modality has shown promising results in managing neurological and psychiatric conditions. 

TMS offers a safe alternative to traditional treatment approaches. TMS has also shown remarkable results in understanding brain function and aiding recovery after a brain injury.

Our skilled team at Haynes Neurosurgical Group uses TMS to give you the best and most accurate treatment. Whether exploring your brain's map or helping you recover, we're committed to ensuring you get the care you need.

How TMS Works

TMS works by generating magnetic pulses that pass through the scalp and skull, targeting specific areas of the brain linked to the condition being treated. These magnetic pulses generate small electrical currents in the brain, stimulating neural activity in the targeted region.

Imagine tiny, painless magnetic pulses reaching specific parts of your brain. These pulses stimulate brain cells and help us learn more about how your brain functions.

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, we use advanced imaging tools like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in real-time to make TMS incredibly accurate. This technique is versatile and helps us both understand how the brain works (brain mapping) and assist in recovering after a brain injury (neurorehabilitation).

Benefits of TMS

TMS offers several advantages as a treatment modality.

  • TMS is a non-invasive procedure that does not require surgery or anesthesia. It is performed on an outpatient basis, minimizing the need for hospitalization.
  • TMS is generally well-tolerated, with minimal discomfort reported by patients during the procedure.
  • TMS has fewer side effects than traditional treatment options, such as medications. Side effects are typically mild and temporary.
  • TMS allows for personalized treatment plans based on individual needs and responses. The treatment can be adjusted to optimize outcomes for each patient.
  • TMS allows for precise stimulation without invasive procedures, ensuring minimal disruption to surrounding tissues.
  • By providing real-time insights into brain activity, TMS contributes to accurate brain mapping, enhancing our understanding of neurological conditions.

TMS for Non-Invasive Brain Mapping

TMS is not only a therapeutic tool but also a powerful diagnostic tool for brain mapping. TMS can be used to apply magnetic pulses to specific areas of the brain to generate responses in various regions. This process allows our neurosurgeons to understand the function and connectivity of different regions of your brain. 

Unlike invasive techniques like direct electrical stimulation, TMS offers a non-invasive method for brain mapping. It provides valuable insights into the brain's functional organization without surgery or anesthesia. This makes it a safe and more accessible option for patients. 

At Haynes Neurosurgical Group, we use TMS to help identify critical functional areas and their interconnection. This plays a crucial role in pre-surgical planning for neurosurgical procedures. 

It helps identify eloquent areas of the brain that are responsible for essential functions, such as motor control, speech, language, and cognition. By mapping these areas, our neurosurgeons can plan surgical approaches that minimize the risk of damage to critical brain regions, ensuring optimal surgical outcomes.

TMS for Neurorehabilitation

Neurorehabilitation is a vital aspect of recovery for individuals who have experienced brain injuries. TMS is a promising tool in facilitating neurorehabilitation by targeting and stimulating specific brain regions to enhance neural plasticity and functional recovery.


TMS can induce neuroplastic changes in the brain by modulating neural activity and strengthening synaptic connections. It promotes the rewiring and reorganization of neural circuits, empowering the brain to compensate for damaged areas.

Motor Function

Motor function problems are common after brain injuries, affecting mobility and coordination. TMS can be used to stimulate the motor cortex and improve motor function. TMS can help reestablish neural pathways and facilitate motor recovery by targeting specific motor areas.

Cognitive Function

Brain injuries can also impact cognitive abilities, such as memory, attention, and executive function. TMS has shown promise in enhancing cognitive function by stimulating specific brain regions involved in these processes. It can help improve cognitive performance and support overall cognitive rehabilitation.

Neuropsychiatric Symptoms

Brain injuries can lead to neuropsychiatric symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). TMS is effective in alleviating these symptoms by modulating the activity of brain regions associated with mood regulation.

TMS Procedure at Haynes Neurosurgical Group

During your consultation at Haynes Neurosurgical Group, our experienced neurosurgeons conduct a thorough evaluation and consultation to determine if TMS is the right treatment option for you. We will review your medical history, perform any necessary diagnostic tests, and discuss your treatment goals and expectations.

Based on the evaluation, our team will develop a personalized treatment plan. If TMS is being used for neurorehabilitation, this plan will also include the frequency and duration of TMS sessions and the overall treatment timeline.

During the Procedure

During TMS sessions, you will be comfortably seated in a chair while a specialized TMS device is positioned near your head. The device delivers magnetic pulses to the targeted brain regions, with each session typically lasting around 30 minutes. 

TMS is an outpatient procedure, meaning you can return home after each session.

Monitoring & Follow-up

Throughout the course of your TMS treatment, our team will closely monitor your progress and make any necessary adjustments to optimize outcomes. We will also provide guidance on managing any potential side effects or concerns that may arise.

Expert TMS Services in Alabama

Our neurosurgical team brings extensive expertise to TMS applications, integrating it seamlessly into our comprehensive range of neurosurgical services. 

Our seasoned neurosurgeons use highly advanced technologies and employ a patient-centric ethos at Alabama’s premiere neurosurgical practice.

To schedule a consultation with one of our experts, call us at (205) 787-8676 or request an appointment online. 

Phone: (205) 787-8676
Fax: (205) 785-7944

801 Princeton Avenue, S.W.
P.O.B. I, Suite 310
Birmingham, AL 35211

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